China is party to the UNâ€™s International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, (although this has not yet been ratified), as well as to the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Moreover, the PRC also has declared its acceptance of the Universal Declarations of Human Rights. However, despite these apparently positive facts, China does not respect human rights. Firstly, there is still the death penalty; no less than 65 charged crimes are subject to the death penalty, including some non-violent offences. Furthermore, there are numerous reports of unlawful and arbitrary detention, torture, forced relocations and discrimination against ethnic or religious minorities. The government systematically campaigns against human rights activists and lawyers in an effort
to publicly discredit them. So, despite the formal efforts undertaken by the government in signing several UN covenants, the score that China achieves is low.